Matthew 27 Part 1 – The Field of Blood – Judas returned the money but was it repentance?
we are coming to a conclusion for study of the Gospel of Matthew, we have Matthew chapters 27, and 28. And in these two final chapters, we’re going to focus in on the death, burial and resurrection of Messiah, the chief things that he was sent into the world to do to give his life as a redemption for you and me. And we see that God the Father, in order to convey that he received the perfect work of the Cross, that Messiah perfectly carried out his father’s will. This is seen in the fact that God raised his son from the dead, these events, the death, burial, and resurrection. These events are the foundation of our faith. So we want to study them very carefully so that we can understand the biblical truth, God’s revelation to us, so that we can respond faithfully, in a god pleasing manner. So with that said, to get your Bible, and let’s begin Chapter 27, the Gospel according to Matthew chapter 27. And in a moment, we’ll begin with first one. Now, we get a lot of correspondence through letters and emails from Muslims. And most of what we receive from those who have identified themselves as Muslims, is very negative. And one of the common things that we hear is because me being Jewish, that it was the Jews that killed Christ, that we are Christ killers. But let’s be biblical about something, what did Messiah say? He says that he laid down his life, no one took it from him. No one killed him, but rather, he offered himself up. And why did he do that? Because of sin, your sin, my sin, because of the sins of the world, because Jewish people sin, and because Gentiles also sin, it was because of humanity’s need for forgiveness, because we all are sinful, we all fall short of the glory of God, there is no one who is righteous, no, not one, therefore, he was not murdered, he was not killed. But he went willfully to the cross because of our sin debt, because we are guilty before God. And that is a very important fact, we see likewise, a transition in this chapter, because there was that trial before the Sanhedrin. But now the Sanhedrin. And we’ll see this right away in this 27th Chapter, the Jewish leadership is going to pass him over to Pontius Pilate, the representative of the Roman Empire. And we could see that there is a Jewish aspect, the Sanhedrin. And there’s a Gentile aspect, the Roman Empire. And once again, that is to show that we are all guilty, every human being because of our sin, we are sinful and therefore it was us individually, we need to think we need to understand that caused Messiah to go to that cross. So let’s begin. Matthew chapter 27. And we’re going to begin in verse one, where it says here,
but and this means in contrast, we saw that for the most part before the Sanhedrin it was in the middle of the night, but now in contrast to that, it has come up with out morning time. And when we look at this word, we find it very early in the morning. So it came about in the early morning, that all the chief priests and the elders of the people, they took counsel, they wanted to put into action, their decision, we already saw in chapter 26, that there was an agreement that he should be put to death, that he was guilty. And therefore, they wanted to know, now speaking to one another, what to do, how to bring this about. So we read here, that all the chief priests and the elders of the people, they took counsel, and here’s the key against your shoe, so that they would kill him. They wanted him to die in order to what it literally says, in order to put him to death, to have him killed. But here’s the key. All of this did not take God by surprise, none of this was a surprise to you issue himself, we need to remember that he said in this Gospel of Matthew, several times, Passover is at hand, we’re going up to Jerusalem, I’m going to be betrayed into the hands of the chief priests and the elders, and they will condemn me to death. That’s what we’ve seen. And then ultimately, he says, I will be crucified. But on the third day, he says, I will rise. And that resurrection, as we’ll see, is so significant. What a powerful message of victory of defeating sin and death, and allowing one who receives this work of Messiah by faith, to become a new creation, to find life. But here, we find that the leadership, they are not focusing in on life, they do not understand the prophetic significance of what’s happening, why Messiah is before them. What are they doing, taking counsel, so that he would be put to death, verse two.
And after binding him, and we know something, in a moment in this first we’re going to see that your shoe is going to be sent to punches Pilate. And it’s very significant that now at this time, not previously, but now he’s going to be bound. Why is that? Well, in order to send a message to the Romans, he’s, he’s dangerous. He’s got to be bound up, because he’s such a threat. But until this time, they never bound him. They knew that he was not a physical threat that he did not come to attack, to do anything like that. But in order to create a scenario where he looks guilty, it says here, and after binding him, they sent him away or led him away, and gave him delivered him to Pontius Pilate, the governor, what Governor of the Roman Empire. Now, even though that there was influence from the Jewish leadership, not the people in general, but a few leaders, because of their influence, we see something we see that there was still a component of the the Sanhedrin, the chief priests, in putting pressure on Pontius Pilate, but he ultimately, and we’re going to see this very clearly. He ultimately made that decision, because of his own selfish desires, because of his own desire to not have political problems. So having bound him, they led him away. And they delivered him to Pontius Pilate, the governor, verse three, then now we’re going to focus in for a few minutes on one known as Judas Iscariot. Now, his name in Hebrew is Yehudah, which means to praise but he’s living anything than a praise worthy life. He is living a life of rebellion, a life that is manipulated by the enemy because of Judas. His love for money. And when we love the things of the world rather than the things of God, when we are led by, by the things of this world, we will be easily tempted, we will be easily manipulated by the enemy. Now none of that and hear that carefully. None of that removes guiltiness from us. No, it leads us into behaving in a way that are guiltiness. That’s within that sinful nature, that desires that are not pleasing to God, that they lead us into behavior that brings about the judgment of God. Now, Judas, what does it say here in verse three, then Judas, the one having betrayed him, seen that he had been condemned. Now, it says, He had regret. He regretted this why? Now here was his mindset. He had seen many times previously, that there was a plot, there were some conspiracy, some attempt to to shame him, to capture him to do something negative towards your show. And every time previously, what would happen, he would speak it away, something would happen, sometimes supernatural look at the end of John chapter eight, for example, we see that they were not successful. And this I believe, was Judas mindset that he could conspire against his his master, his rabbi, the one that he was supposed to be loyal to, that he could conspire against him, profit from this, but no harm would come from that this would just be another time when Messiah he was wiser. And he was able to, to not succumb to their their desires, to entrap him to shame him to capture him to do what they wanted to do. But this time, was different. So when Judas saw this, that he had been condensed, he reinforced, he regretted this. And he returned the 30 pieces of silver, to the high priests and to the elders. He had remorse regret. Now the question is, was it repentance? And it was not? Why not? Well, having remorse and regret is a good thing. When we do something wrong, it’s proper for us to have regret over this remorse over this. But true repentance leads to two things. True repentance, like John the Baptist taught, is going to bear fourth fruit worthy of repentance, meaning, that shows that manifests the sincerity, it’s going to cause a proper action, a change, you may say, Well, he returned the money. But there was something else that’s important. Repentance is a desire to be reconciled with God. Judas, no indication whatsoever. He simply had grief and regret that he was was doing these things. But it did not produce a repentant fruit, a reconciliation, a desire to and did he go to Messiah, and confess that sin? No. All he wanted to do was was escaped the situation. And running away fleeing from the problem is never true repentance. So we see here that he went back to the elders and to the chief priests, and he returned the money. And he said, look down to verse four. He was saying, I have sinned, I betrayed innocent blood. Yes, he recognized that what he did was sinful, that he had betrayed one who was innocent. And that fact is so important to remember that he was innocent of any sin, all of his life, never falling short of the glory of God, he and he alone is the righteous one. So he says, I have sin. I have betrayed delivered over innocent blood. But and this is a lot about the leadership at this time. They responded They were saying, What is this to us? Meaning simply,
they didn’t care. This was not of any significance to them. Why? Because they were committed to their sinful desires, bringing about the outcome that they wanted. They were not concerned with justice. They were not concerned with righteousness. They were not concerned with anything other than what they thought was best for them, in order to keep their leadership position. And all the benefits that went with that. They were not concerned with what was important to God. So they said, What is it to us? And then they say, you see, now literally, it’s in the future. But this shows that perhaps the language here that they were speaking, not the language that these words were written down in, that was Greek, but But they could have been speaking Hebrew. Why? Well, many of the English translations say and translate this French phrase, not in the future, but simply you see to it as a form of command. And by the way, frequently in Hebrew, the future is use in a an imperative manner, meaning the language of a command. So I think it’s right for them to translate it in that way you see to it, it is a command, this is not of our concert, you deal with it yourself. And what did he do? Look now to verse five. And he, and the word here means to make to fall, we would understand it as to cast down, we read here that he cast down the silver and notice something, if your Bible simply says into the temple, it’s not the normal Greek word for temple, hey, Rome, it is the word they owe us. And this is the sanctuary. Now, the reason why it said in this manner, is to first and foremost convey to the reader that this was an offense, a sin against God Himself. There is a special relationship, because the temple, this Greek word, heroine, means the whole temple area, all the structures in a very general sense, but the word that appears here, now else in its normal in his primary, primary state, it refers to the sanctuary, that which is the Holy Place the most holy place, the Holy of Holies. And the message here, and the Word of God is written, for the purpose of revelation to teach us. And it underscores that first and foremost, all sin is a sin against God, it is an affront against him. And therefore we see that he he casted the silver into the sanctuary, he withdrew himself. Very, very significant word. He didn’t go to your show, he didn’t confess his sin before him, he didn’t seek forgiveness, he simply withdrew, and he went away. And then notice the end of verse five, he hung himself. Now this is in the middle voice. And that’s why himself even though that that phrase is not there, the it’s understood because of the construction of the verb being in the middle. So he went out and hung himself. Now, other gospels refer to his death in a different way. There’s no conflict, there’s no problem. Because oftentimes, when someone hangs themself, when they are cut down, or when when the pressure of that happens to them, it will cause their their intestines to rupture, and sometimes spill out. And therefore, there is no contradiction between the two different accounts of Judas is death. One emphasizes the primary means he hung himself. Another is to show shame, that in the end, his his bows were open up. And this all shows it’s an idiom for shamefulness. Did it literally happen? I believe it did. I believe the things of the Scripture in the way that they refer. They’re referred to us but realize they can also have a significant message to the reader. that Judas, he died, he hung himself. But there was a shameful aspect of this. And when we die and rebelliousness when we die and truly unrepentant sin, the outcome and this is the message is going to be shameful. It is going to be a very sad state. Let’s move on to verse six. But the high priests having taken the silver, they said, It is not lawful to place it into the treasury, meaning the temple treasury, why, since it is the price of blood, now, what is this blood money, it is money that was used in unrighteous means. And they said, we can have such money that comes from a criminal endeavor, a sinful endeavor being contributed into the treasury. That’s true. But it was them who gave this money. And it’s showing a disconnect, being able to live so called piously religiously, but missing the point of what true faith what religion is truly about. So they said, it’s the price of blood, verse seven. Therefore, we read, taking counsel, they bought from it bought from these 30 pieces of silver, they bought the potter’s field for the burial of strangers. Now, what they did, instead of utilizing a sacrificial way, meaning instead of reaching into their own pockets, or the Treasury, in order to to do what’s necessary, when someone who’s a stranger, probably a non Jew dies, or someone who has no family, then the temple leadership would take it upon themselves, to give them a proper burial, that would cost money. So now they’re using that money to purchase land, in order to save them the expense of having to pay for the burial of strangers. And what does the Scripture say we should always be thoughtful, kind, reaching out to strangers, they were doing that verse, verse eight, therefore, that field is called the blood fill, even to this day, verse nine. Now in verse nine, we get into what many people see as a problem, because it’s going to be speaking about a prophecy having to do with these 30 pieces of silver. Here’s the mistake that many people make. The purpose is not to, quote, a citation. First of all, when we look at what’s written here, it does not match what is written in Zechariah. And it’s certainly not found this, this idea of, of the 30 pieces of silver is not found at all, in the book of Jeremiah, some people want to say, here’s an air in the New Testament, it is not, we need to understand what the writer of this gospel, Matthew’s Gospel is conveying. There’s a very important message, what it’s saying here, and let’s just look at it. Look at verse nine. Then was fulfilled the word through Jeremiah, the prophet saying, now he’s not saying that these 30 pieces of silver, were were mentioned in Jeremiah, and he’s quoting Jeremiah, he’s not nor is he quoting, as some Christian scholars say, The Book of Zechariah. The language is not identical. It doesn’t appear here in Zechariah. This phrase in this way, there’s an allusion to there’s a reference to the 30 pieces of silver, but not in this language. So what is Matthew doing? He’s teaching us something in the same way, that the leadership in the days of Jeremiah in light of Jeremiah’s prophecy, what happened? They rejected prophetic truth. They rejected Jeremiah, the one that was sent to them in order to bring about true repentance submissiveness, they rejected and then what do we know? They reached the point that God says to Jeremiah, do not pray any longer for these people do not intercede why a disasters coming. They have made a disastrous mistake and that is they have rejected the prophet Jeremiah. And that brought about the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem. And in a similar way, what he’s saying is this, in a similar way, this decision that they made in regard to your shoe, even though God used that God used the Babylonian captivity, he taught the people something, there was an outcome, God used it eventually, for good. Read the prophet Daniel, and Daniel chapter nine, that powerful prayer, Daniel refers to this. But the message is this, in the same way that that horrible decision of rejecting Jeremiah’s prophecy, brought about pain, suffering, and such, so to is the rejection of Messiah, that they did not recognize him for what the Prophet said, and what’s going to happen when we know. And 40 years later, the same thing that Jeremiah prophesied that took place is going to happen again with the destruction of the Second Temple. And once more the people going into exile. That’s the point. So he says, then was fulfilled the word through Jeremiah, the prophet, saint. And now how it’s been carried out, he took the 30 pieces of silver, the price, which was price by the children of Israel, that they priced out, meaning this, they thought it was right to use these 30 pieces of silver for a solution to their problem. It did not work. It didn’t work, what they decided in the days of Jeremiah, and it didn’t work. Now they made the same wrong decision rejecting prophetic truth. Now we’re ready for the last verse, verse 10.
And they gave it in order to buy this field, the field of the the potter, and then notice how the text ends. It says they gave it for the potter’s field, just as the Lord directed me. Now, who’s me here? Most scholars agree. It’s the prophets Excuse me. It’s Matthew himself, the writer of this gospel, he’s saying that all of this how I constructed it, wrote it down what I’m sharing it all was was instructed to me to write it down. In this way. The author of Matthew’s Gospel is telling us this revelation was directed what he’s sharing. It was directed to him by God Himself, a very important biblical truth for understanding God’s revelation. Shalom from Israel.
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